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Breakdown Liver


d i g e s t i v e   s y s t e m

Ninjutsu means literally "fighting methods of the ninja." The original ninja were members of secret societies formed in Japan prior to 1500. At that time Japan was ruled by warlords and their followers. For security reasons various clans found it necessary to train individuals as spies, saboteurs, and fighters to engage in what would be called covert action today. To become a ninja required the most rigid physical and mental discipline. For those who embraced the career it was a lifetime occupation. All ninja were sworn to secrecy, not even being allowed to tell their names. To conceal their identities they wore full black uniforms, including head and face coverings. A ninja had to be an expert at hand-to-hand combat. He also needed to master the use of all traditional military weapons along with other tools, deadly devices, and poisons. They used blowguns with poisoned darts, brass knuckles, throwing devices, land mines, chains, and many other instruments. One of the weapons familiar in the West through television is the flat, pointed throwing star called a hira shuriken. The ninja societies were outlawed under the Tokugawa shogunate in the 17th century. Ninjutsu was nevertheless perpetuated secretly to the present. With the spreading popularity of martial arts since 1950, interest in ninjutsu has revived.


l i v e r

Ninjutsu means literally "fighting methods of the ninja." The original ninja were members of secret societies formed in Japan prior to 1500. At that time Japan was ruled by warlords and their followers. For security reasons various clans found it necessary to train individuals as spies, saboteurs, and fighters to engage in what would be called covert action today. To become a ninja required the most rigid physical and mental discipline. For those who embraced the career it was a lifetime occupation. All ninja were sworn to secrecy, not even being allowed to tell their names. To conceal their identities they wore full black uniforms, including head and face coverings. A ninja had to be an expert at hand-to-hand combat. He also needed to master the use of all traditional military weapons along with other tools, deadly devices, and poisons. They used blowguns with poisoned darts, brass knuckles, throwing devices, land mines, chains, and many other instruments. One of the weapons familiar in the West through television is the flat, pointed throwing star called a hira shuriken. The ninja societies were outlawed under the Tokugawa shogunate in the 17th century. Ninjutsu was nevertheless perpetuated secretly to the present. With the spreading popularity of martial arts since 1950, interest in ninjutsu has revived.

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Ninjutsu means literally "fighting methods of the ninja." The original ninja were members of secret societies formed in Japan prior to 1500.




At that time Japan was ruled by warlords and their followers. For security reasons various clans found it necessary to train individuals as spies, saboteurs, and fighters to engage in what would be called covert action today.




To become a ninja required the most rigid physical and mental discipline. For those who embraced the career it was a lifetime occupation. All ninja were sworn to secrecy, not even being allowed to tell their names.


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